After I graduated from the Terran Confederation Space Naval (TCSN) Academy, I
was immediately assigned to fly missions against the Kilrathi. The flight simulator at
the Academy had taught us basic combat strategies, given us a feel for the different
ships and cockpits and acquainted us with fighters from the Kilrathi fleet. But the
simulated missions we flew at the Academy were hardly comparable to a real-life
dogfight. With the whine of a missile lock indicator and the harsh taunts of a
Kilrathi pilot reverberating in our ears, we suddenly faced completely novel situations
when we flew our first dogfight. Even back then, I wanted to suggest changes
that would make the simulator a more effective preparation for real-life combat. I
was about to get that chance, though in a very different way than I had envisioned.
I was flying a reconnaissance mission in the Gwynedd sector when we were attacked
by a contingent of Jalkehi. Instead of obeying my orders and remaining with the
escort, my wingman Maniac broke away and engaged two Kilrathi pilots in a dogfight.
In my Epee, I did not stand a chance against the seven accomplished Jalkehi
pilots without cover from my wingman. I ejected from my badly damaged ship just
seconds before it exploded. My injuries left me virtually blind in one eye and
destroyed my career as a pilot.
Due to my otherwise spotless record, I was offered a teaching job at the Academy.
Eventually, I became responsible for instruction in the simulator. The destruction of
my ship and many other tragic losses could have been avoided if simulated missions
had prepared students more thoroughly for combat in space. Consequently, I’ve
tried to make the simulator a more realistic learning tool that will re-enact almost
any situation you might run into during your missions. The simulator room has, in
effect, become the most important instructional feature of the Academy. We have
since implemented new sound effects, varying wingmen personalities and several
other features that emulate combat in space like it has never been simulated before.
Simulations are on the cutting edge of technology, allowing you to encounter ships
and weapons currently still in development. If you can beat the hardest missions in
this simulator, you will graduate truly prepared for real-life combat. This manual
was compiled as a summary of the most important theoretical knowledge necessary
to fly simulated missions. Familiarize yourself with these notes and you will be well
prepared for your first lesson in the simulator. With the help of the new TCSN simulator
we can teach you how to beat the Kilrathi.
Colonel Jack A. Lombard
The Wing Commander Academy trains every student in a variety of different classes and exercises
that will adequately prepare him or her for real-life combat in space. In our effort to save the
Confederation from the depredations of the Kilrathi, we can only afford to send the very best pilots
out to defend our homes. Innumerable hours of training, classes and simulator practice turn our
students into ace Confederation pilots before they launch their first actual mission.
In my opinion, the tcsn flight simulator is by far the most important educational tool this academy
has to offer. The simulator will not only teach you how to fly, but more importantly it will show you
how to survive. In the countless simulated missions you embark on during this part of your training,
you will fight Kilrathi ships and Kilrathi pilots in hijacked Confederation ships. You will
endeavor to blow enemy capital ships out of space and defend your own space station against
attacking forces. Since the simulator is programmed to realistically imitate real conditions in space,
it will also teach you how to effectively navigate asteroid and mine fields and retrieve ejected pilots
or data capsules from space. The TCSN flight simulator will show you what you really came here to
learn. Use it wisely, and the lessons you learn at this console will save your life when you actually
face a swarm of Kilrathi in a grueling dogfight.
If this is your first visit to the simulator, take a few minutes to familiarize yourself with your surroundings
before you concentrate on the command console. You enter and exit the simroom
through a small door from the DOS area of the Academy. The simroom itself consists of a tiny, oval
room with a vaulted dome roof. A screen above the center console lists the high scores that have so
far been achieved by other students, given with their call-signs.
Exit to DOS Simulator Configuration Panel
To the right of the computer console you see a wall panel. Lean over to the panel and press on it
once. The panel slides back into the wall, revealing a simulator configuration menu for Music and
Sound FX as well as a joystick calibration option. Pressing the buttons MUSIC and SOUNDFX once toggles
their respective functions between active and inactive.
You may also want to calibrate your joystick before you embark on your first simulated mission.
Press CALIBRATE JOYSTICK and follow the instructions that appear in the joystick slot. If you have configured
Music and Sound FX to your liking and you want to save your selection, touch the option
menu anywhere except the two selection buttons. The simulator will save your selection and the
wall panel will slide back in place.
If you have already designed a mission and you want to fly your last mission again, you can push
the buttons located on the right side of the simulator console once to activate the simulator and execute
the mission immediately.
Configuring Your Mission
You are now ready to turn your attention to the heart of the flight simulator: the computer console.
Once you have taken a seat, click on the computer screen in front of you to activate the simulator.
While you are configuring your mission at the computer console, you may select your choices by
clicking with the left or the right mouse button. Once you are in the cockpit of your simulated
fighter, however, you must take care to distinguish between the left and the right mouse button.
Please check the Reference Card for further details.
The large view screen in the upper half of the console is the “drawing board” of the simulator. The
green triangle in the center of the screen represents your “ship.” You are free to place various
combinations of enemy ships, capital ships, space stations, obstacle fields and other objects around
your ship.
• To select a specific kind of opponent, hazard or object, click on the appropriate button located
below your view screen.
• A single click on one of the buttons causes a rotating graphical representation of the object to
appear in the window at the lower left of the console. The thin box just above the rows of buttons
identifies the object you chose.
• Select the particular ship or object you wish to include in the mission you are configuring by
clicking on it. Hitting ENTER selects any object currently located under your cursor.
• You must also specify the difficulty level (intelligence level) of each hostile ship before placing it
in the action sphere around your fighter. Use the arrow keys of the difficulty level option at the
bottom left of your console to choose an intelligence (from 1 to 4) for each hostile ship. The
higher the intelligence number, the more accomplished your opponent will be.
• Once you have decided where you want this hostile fighter or object to appear relative to you,
single-click on the desired position on your view screen.
• If you have positioned a hostile fighter, a red triangle appears to indicate its position.
• Capital ships and the friendly space station are identified by a red triangle surrounded by a circle.
• Asteroid fields appear as large red circles on the mission display screen.
• Mine fields appear as yellow circles on the mission display screen.
• Data pods and ejected pilots are represented by yellow diamonds.
• You may place up to eight different objects in the action sphere around your ship. You can only
place one obstacle field and a maximum of four Ralathas in each action sphere. (No ship has
enough ammunition to destroy more than four of these formidable fighters.)
• As mentioned above, moving the cursor over each object causes a description to appear in the
thin box between the drawing board and the rows of buttons.
• If you made a mistake or you simply decide to remove a particular object from the action sphere,
click on remove in the bottom row of the object buttons. Then move your cursor to the ship or
object you want to remove and single-click on it. Clicking on the clear button in the right column
on your option menu (or typing C) removes all objects you have placed in the action sphere surrounding
your ship at the currently selected nav point. If you hit clear again, the simulator will
ask you whether you want to clear all nav points. Press Y to clear all nav points.
• You may want to configure a mission with a variety of objectives at different nav points. Once
you have placed all desired objects in Nav 1, select Nav 2 with the nav button to the upper left
side of your console. Selecting a new nav point automatically clears your “drawing board” and
allows you to design a new sub-mission. You can configure missions with anywhere from one to
four different nav points in this manner.
Nav Point Currently
Being Drawn
Name You’ve Given
This Mission
Hostile Fighter
Capital Ship
(friendly or hostile)
Asteroid Field
Data Pod or
Ejected Pilot
Your Ship
Difficulty Level of Random Placement
Opposing Pilots
Identity & Intelligence of Selected Object
Data Pod
Ejected Pilot
Space Station
Asteroid Field
Mine Field
Cursor over Hostile
Fighter to Select it
Randomizer and Gauntlet Options
If you prefer the unexpected, try the Randomizer and Gauntlet options. The Randomizer button is
located in the bottom row of buttons. Select the RND button, click anywhere on the viewscreen and
this feature will generate unpredictable patterns of objects and hostile ships at the selected nav
point. This option is particularly useful in preparing you for the unpredictability of combat in space.
The GAUNTLET option button, located in the top left corner of your simulator console, introduces you
to yet another kind of combat experience. Using this option, you fly against wave after wave of
enemy fighters. You can fly up to fifteen different levels comprising three waves each, although few
students at the TCSN Academy have successfully completed the gauntlet even once. As you progress
from wave to wave, difficulty will increase along with the skill of your formidable opponents.
If you manage to achieve a high score, you will be asked to enter your call-sign. Your high score and
your call-sign will be displayed on the screen above the console in the simulator room so you can
compete with yourself and other pilots in training at the Academy.
Selecting Your Ship
The strategies you employ in any given mission depend not only on the situation you are facing, but
also on the kind of ship you are flying. You need to know what weapons you have at your disposal
and whether you can rely on help from a wingman or not. The TCSN simulator allows you to select
your fighter and your wingman.
Weapons Loadout of
Highlighted Ship
Wingman Stats
Pressing the SELECT SHIP button, in the upper right corner of your console, (or hitting P on your keyboard)
brings up an option screen with the different ships you can choose to fly. When you select a
particular ship by single-clicking on it, the screen will also indicate the ship’s weapon loadout. Once
you have decided which ship you want to fly this mission, and have clicked on it, hit SELECT to save
and return to the main option screen. Press CANCEL if you want to return to the main option screen
without saving your choice.
Selecting Your Wingman
We have taken four pilots from the ranks of the Terran Confederation and used their profiles to
model the wingmen in this simulator. You may recognize some of these fighters from your readings
in class. The WINGMAN button located in the right column on your console (or W on your keyboard)
calls up an option screen with five different wingmen options. If you choose NONE, you will fly this
mission alone. Selecting one of the wingman names by single-clicking on it shows you a portrait of
the pilot and informs you about piloting and dogfighting skills as well as attitude. Choose the pilot
you want on this particular mission (or choose NONE) and hit ACCEPT to save your choice. CANCEL
returns you to the main screen without saving a wingman choice.
Saving a Mission
If you have created a mission that you wish to save, you must first type a name for the mission into
the slot allocated in the top left corner of the console. When you select the slot (press TAB until you
highlight the slot you want, or click on the slot), a cursor will appear. You can now use BACKSPACE to
erase the current name in the slot. Enter the new mission name and select the SAVE button in the right
hand column of your computer screen (or hit S on your keyboard). A new option menu with numbered
slots will pop up. When you click on a numbered slot, the mission name you just entered will
appear. You are also free to move this mission to any slot you wish by dragging it. (Click-and-hold the
pointer on the name, drag the pointer to your preferred slot, and release the mouse button.) Once
you have placed the mission name in the desired slot, hit SAVE to return to the main console. You may
save a total of 24 games in this manner. If you decide to save a new mission in a slot which already
contains a mission name, the simulator will overwrite the old data with the new mission. You will be
asked whether you want to overwrite the currently saved mission or not. If you change your mind and
decide not to save your mission after all, you can escape to the main screen by clicking CANCEL.
Name You’re Giving to
Mission Being Saved
Press to Display More
Saved Mission Slots
Saving a Mission on a Floppy Disk
If you want to save a mission onto a floppy disk, you must first save the mission in one of the allocated
slots. Note the slot number(s) of the mission(s) you are transferring to a floppy, then exit to DOS
on the simulator computer and insert a disk into the desired disk drive. From the C: prompt, type:
(If you installed the game in a directory other than the default directory, type the name of that
directory instead of “WCA” here, and anywhere else it appears in this section.) You are now in the
missions subdirectory of WCA. At the prompt, typing DIR will provide you with a list of all available
saved missions. The missions are listed by numbers and not by their names, so you must remember
the slot number of the mission you wish to save. To copy onto your disk, type:
COPY C:\WCA\MISSIONS\MISSION.<mission number> <destination drive>
For example, you might type:
When you want to upload this mission from disk and save it as a certain mission number, insert the
floppy disk into the disk drive and type:

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Supported languages for syntax highlighting:

4cs, 6502acme, 6502kickass, 6502tasm, 68000devpac, abap, actionscript, actionscript3, ada, algol68, apache, applescript, apt_sources, arm, asm, asp, asymptote, autoconf, autohotkey, autoit, avisynth, awk, bascomavr, bash, basic4gl, bf, bibtex, blitzbasic, bnf, boo, c, c_loadrunner, c_mac, caddcl, cadlisp, cfdg, cfm, chaiscript, cil, clojure, cmake, cobol, coffeescript, cpp, cpp-qt, csharp, css, cuesheet, d, dcl, dcpu16, dcs, delphi, diff, div, dos, dot, e, ecmascript, eiffel, email, epc, erlang, euphoria, f1, falcon, fo, fortran, freebasic, freeswitch, fsharp, gambas, gdb, genero, genie, gettext, glsl, gml, gnuplot, go, groovy, gwbasic, haskell, haxe, hicest, hq9plus, html4strict, html5, icon, idl, ini, inno, intercal, io, j, java, java5, javascript, jquery, kixtart, klonec, klonecpp, latex, lb, ldif, lisp, llvm, locobasic, logtalk, lolcode, lotusformulas, lotusscript, lscript, lsl2, lua, m68k, magiksf, make, mapbasic, matlab, mirc, mmix, modula2, modula3, mpasm, mxml, mysql, nagios, netrexx, newlisp, nsis, oberon2, objc, objeck, ocaml, ocaml-brief, octave, oobas, oorexx, oracle11, oracle8, oxygene, oz, parasail, parigp, pascal, pcre, per, perl, perl6, pf, php, php-brief, pic16, pike, pixelbender, pli, plsql, postgresql, povray, powerbuilder, powershell, proftpd, progress, prolog, properties, providex, purebasic, pycon, pys60, python, q, qbasic, rails, rebol, reg, rexx, robots, rpmspec, rsplus, ruby, sas, scala, scheme, scilab, sdlbasic, smalltalk, smarty, spark, sparql, sql, stonescript, systemverilog, tcl, teraterm, text, thinbasic, tsql, typoscript, unicon, upc, urbi, uscript, vala, vb, vbnet, vedit, verilog, vhdl, vim, visualfoxpro, visualprolog, whitespace, whois, winbatch, xbasic, xml, xorg_conf, xpp, yaml, z80, zxbasic

:\MISSION.<mission number> C:\WCA\MISSIONS\MISSION. <desired mission<br />number><br />For example, you might type:<br />COPY B:\MISSION.007 C:\WCA\MISSIONS\MISSION. 008<br />(If you inserted the disk into drive A:, enter A: instead of B: as the source drive.)<br />Now the saved game will appear as a saved mission in slot number 8.<br />Loading a Mission<br />If you want to play a mission that was previously saved, you can retrieve it by clicking on the LOAD<br />button, in the right column of your computer console (or typing L on your keyboard). The new<br />option screen will show you 24 numbered slots with the saved missions. Select the game you want<br />to load and click on LOAD to confirm your choice. This will return you to the main menu on the<br />console. If you change your mind, you can always go back to the main screen by hitting CANCEL.<br />Other Console Functions<br />CANCEL. Should you decide you are not ready to fly a mission right now, you can click on the CANCEL<br />button, in the right column of the computer console, (or hit ESC on your keyboard) to deactivate<br />the simulator. You can exercise this option if you wish to re-configure your Music and Sound FX<br />selections in the wall panel of the simulator room or if you want to leave the simulator room<br />through the DOS area of the Academy.<br />EXECUTE. Selecting the EXECUTE button (or typing X ) will let you fly the mission you have just configured<br />or loaded. The walls of the simroom light up and then fade away. In a few seconds you find<br />yourself in the cockpit of the ship you have chosen to fly.<br />IN THE COCKPIT<br />Once you have instructed the simulator to execute your mission, you find yourself in the cockpit of<br />your chosen fighter. The introductory class Confederation and Kilrathi Ships has already provided you<br />with basic information on ships and fighter cockpits. However, this will be your first experience in a<br />“real” cockpit. When the TCSN simulator begins to execute your mission, the gauges and indicators<br />of the ship you have chosen appear as the simulator emulates a real fighter. Initially, you see space<br />through the front view screen of the simulator cockpit. You may also select rear and side views, as<br />well as chase plane, missile, battle, tactical and tailing views.<br />The TCSN simulator allows you to choose between nine ships to fly. Even though each cockpit may<br />look very different, all but one differs only in the way their instruments and readouts are arranged.<br />(The Ferret has one less display than other ships.) Evaluating the information from all controls and<br />gauges at one glance should become second nature to every competent fighter pilot. In combat, you<br />will only have a split second to assess the situation and act on the information given to you. Your<br />ability to remain on top of every development may mean the difference between life and death to<br />both you and your wingman. If you require more time to plan your next move, you can always hit<br />P on your cockpit keyboard to pause the simulation. You should keep in mind, though, that this is<br />not an option you have when you are flying real-life missions in the dangerous vacuum of space.<br />Views During Spaceflight<br />The front view screen provides you with a clear view of space directly ahead of you. A green circle<br />with cross-hairs indicates where your ship’s guns are aimed. Brackets appear around the ship you<br />have currently targeted. Hostile targets are framed by red brackets, friendly vessels by blue brackets.<br />A ship communicating with you will be indicated by white brackets. As soon as a target is locked,<br />the brackets turn into a solid box.<br />Hit F2 on your cockpit keyboard if you want to go to the left view (or the left turret, if there is one<br />available on the ship you are flying). Similarly, you can call up the right view (or the right turret) by<br />pressing F3. If your fighter has a rear turret or you want to see the rear view, hit F4.<br />In addition, the simulator has implemented additional views that are designed to help you evaluate<br />your situation and the movement of your fighter. Chase plane view, battle view, tactical view, missile<br />camera view and tailing views are called up by F5, F6, F7, F8 and F9 respectively.<br />• In chase plane view (F5), the camera tails your ship so you can view your fighter from immediately<br />behind it.<br />• The battle view (F6) provides you with a panoramic shot of all ships and their respective positions<br />from a distance. This view makes it easier to evaluate your current situation.<br />• The tactical view (F7) shows you another battle view from farther away and at a different angle.<br />Neither battle nor tactical view may be activated unless you are being attacked by enemy ships.<br />• The missile camera view (F8) keeps a missile in its sights after it has been launched, following it<br />to its target. This perspective provides you with a dramatic view of the effectiveness of your deadly<br />weapons loadout.<br />• You may toggle through tailing views for several different ships by pressing F9 repeatedly. The<br />tailing view provides you with a chase plane view for all ships in the area.<br />If you wish to return to the front view screen, hit F1.<br />Radar Display<br />The circular screen in your cockpit is a radar display. This screen does not indicate distance to a<br />particular ship. Instead, the six sections of the display show you how far you must rotate to be able<br />to see that ship through your front view screen. While this is the single most important screen in<br />your cockpit, it may sometimes also be the least intuitive. Use your experience in the simulator to<br />become an expert at radar interpretation. In space combat, your ability to evaluate the provided<br />radar information may save your life.<br />Objects detected by your radar system are displayed as dots. A dot in the outer ring tells you your<br />enemy is behind you. The innermost ring indicates the position of ships ahead of you. The other<br />four sections place the detected object alongside, above or below you.<br />The dots on your radar are color coded:<br />• red indicates an enemy ship<br />• blue indicates a friendly fighter<br />• gray indicates the friendly space station<br />• yellow indicates an ejected pilot, data capsule or enemy missile streaking toward you<br />Radar Display<br />Epee<br />Radar Display<br />Epee<br />Top View<br />Side View<br />RADAR SCREEN<br />Left VDU (Visual Display Unit)<br />Damage Status. From time to time, the left VDU shows a profile of your fighter and its current<br />status. When you begin taking damage, this profile appears on your left VDU along with a message<br />indicating which system was damaged or destroyed. Pressing D also brings up a damage report,<br />indicating how seriously your ship has been hit. Undamaged components appear in green, while<br />damaged systems are displayed in red, along with an identification of the affected system.<br />Weapons. You can call up your weapons display by pressing W or G on the keyboard of your simulator<br />console. The text on the screen tells you which guns and weapon systems are currently<br />active. One type of gun and one weapons system can always be active at the same time. With the<br />FULL GUNS option, all guns are active simultaneously. The ship profile displays where each weapon<br />is located and which are damaged or missing. If you press W repeatedly, the simulator cycles you<br />through available weapons systems (missiles, torpedoes, chaff pods). Typing ALT- ENTER on your<br />cockpit keyboard at any time during flight releases chaff pods into space. Pressing G allows you to<br />see the different possible guns. (Weapons of the Terran and Kilrathi Fleets lists “guns;” all other<br />systems are accessed through W.) With the FULL GUNS option, all guns are fired simultaneously,<br />giving you maximum firepower. However, this option also consumes power at an alarming rate, so<br />it should be used sparingly.<br />Note: The Ferret is the most primitive patrol fighter in the simulator and has no left VDU in its cockpit.<br />Pressing W, G or D will have no effect in this ship.<br />Right VDU<br />The right VDU displays important information essential to the successful completion of a mission.<br />Communication Screen<br />Pressing C on the keyboard brings up the Communications screen, which shows you your communication<br />options. These options include such important actions as giving your wingman orders<br />or taunting the enemy. C also clears incoming communication messages from the VDU screen. V<br />toggles between enabling or suppressing the video that accompanies incoming communication.<br />Targeting Screen<br />When you fire your ship’s guns, the Targeting Screen appears automatically, indicating the status<br />of the ship you are currently targeting. This screen can also be brought up by pressing T on your<br />keyboard.<br />Note: The center VDU in the Ferret functions as the right VDU.<br />Armor and Shields Indicators<br />Displays on the screen of your cockpit indicate the status of your ship’s shields and armor. These<br />protective devices diminish with increasing damage to the ship. Shields gradually regenerate unless<br />the shield generator has been destroyed. Once shields have been penetrated, armor begins taking<br />damage. Unlike shields, armor cannot regenerate.<br />Fuel Indicator<br />This display tells you how much fuel you have. Using your afterburners may well be the best strategy<br />to extricate yourself from a dangerous situation or zero in on the enemy, but your afterburners also<br />expend a great amount of fuel.<br />Speed Indicator<br />The speed indicator consists of two gauges. “Set Speed” indicates the speed your fighter tries to<br />maintain on its own (comparable to the cruise control in a car). “KPS” shows the ship’s current<br />speed in kilometers/second. Press + to increase your speed. To slow down, press – . (If you are flying<br />your mission using a joystick or mouse, please refer to the Reference Card for the equivalent<br />commands.) If you need to ignite your afterburners, press TAB, double-click joystick button #2 or<br />double-click the right mouse button. The longer you press, the longer they will remain active.<br />However, don’t forget that they require an enormous amount of fuel.<br />Blaster Indicator<br />This gauge indicates the power level of your ship’s active guns. If you use your guns frequently, the<br />power level of the gun capacitors tends to diminish. Neutron guns, reaper cannon and particle cannon<br />use up blaster power more quickly than laser cannon or mass drivers, so use them with caution.<br />The FULL GUNS option depletes your blaster power even more quickly. Your guns will not fire at all if<br />you (temporarily) run out of power — you have to wait until the capacitors have at least partially<br />recharged. A gun’s power regeneration is slower if your shields are regenerating at the same time.<br />Eject Warning<br />If your fighter has sustained significant damage, the eject warning light will begin to flash. At this<br />point you must assess the situation and decide whether or not to abandon ship. If you decide to<br />keep fighting, your ship will probably “explode,” with you in it. The ramifications are much more<br />severe in real life than in the trainer — don’t get in the habit of ignoring the eject warning just<br />because you can safely do so in the simulator.<br />If you eject (by pressing CTRL-E ), the flight simulation will end and you will find yourself seated at<br />the simulator console ready to fly a new mission. In real life, however, you would probably have to<br />suffer a tongue-lashing, disciplinary action, a reduction in rank or even capture. On the other hand,<br />you would probably also live to see another day. The choice is yours.<br />Gauntlet Mode<br />During a gauntlet run, typing S on your cockpit keyboard will command the TCSN simulator to<br />show your current score, level and wave on your right VDU. In this way, you can keep track of your<br />kills even during the simulation.<br />Other Cockpit Commands<br />Music and Sound Effects. Should you decide you want to activate or deactivate music or sound<br />effects during your simulation, don’t interrupt your space-flight. Typing CTRL-M and CTRL-S will<br />toggle on and off music and sound effects, respectively.<br />Pause. If the action gets too hot or the outside world intrudes, press P to pause the game. Press any<br />key or button to resume play.<br />Exit. If your time in the simulator is up or you want to interrupt your flight for some other reason,<br />you can deactivate the simulator and return to the DOS area immediately by typing ALT- X.<br />Change Speed. If ships in the simulator are too fast for you, press ALT- + to slow the simulator’s<br />frame rate. If they are too slow, press ALT- – to increase the frame rate.<br />IN-FLIGHT SYSTEMS<br />Targeting System<br />When the Targeting System is activated by pressing T, your Targeting screen displays a profile of the<br />ship you have targeted, as well as any damage the target has already suffered.<br />When the targeting feature is active, one ship in your view screen will automatically be targeted. Red<br />brackets indicate an enemy ship. Friendly ships will be bracketed in blue. Even if there is more than<br />one ship visible through your front view screen, brackets will only appear around one ship. Press T<br />repeatedly to toggle through the different ships in sight and select your desired target.<br />Your targeting system automatically locks onto ships that appear through your view screen, providing<br />you with a tracking mechanism that keeps an enemy ship in its sights. If you press L while a target is<br />in your view screen, your targeting system will continue tracking the ship even if it disappears from<br />view, allowing you (for example) to keep track of a particular ship you’ve already damaged. A perpetually<br />locked target is indicated by a solid box instead of brackets. This targeting lock just keeps track<br />of the position of various ships around you. It does not correspond to the locking system automatically<br />used by an active missile to lock onto a target within a certain range before it is launched.<br />Improved Targeting and Tracking System (ITTS)<br />Many of the more sophisticated fighters employ the ITTS, a system that calculates how much you<br />must lead your target in order to maximize your chance of a hit. When you lock onto a target while<br />flying a ship with an ITTS, a red cross appears on the screen. If you line this cross up inside your<br />main crosshairs, you are much more likely to hit your target. The Ferret and Rapier are not<br />equipped with ITTS.<br />Tractor Beam System<br />To activate the tractor beam system (if you have one), go to your rear turret. Hit G to cycle through<br />your guns until the tractor beam is selected. Once you have selected the tractor beam, a solid yellow<br />box automatically appears around any retrievable object (a data capsule or an ejected pilot) within<br />range. To activate the tractor beam, hit the fire button on your mouse, joystick or keyboard. Be sure<br />that you have selected the tractor beam, not an actual gun, before firing!<br />Autopiloting System<br />To shorten the length of travel from nav point to nav point, you will normally want to engage the<br />autopilot feature. The autopilot activates only if there are no hazards such as enemy ships, mines or<br />asteroids in the area. When the coast is clear, press A to activate autopilot and AUTO will light. If<br />there are still hazards in the area, the autopilot function will not activate.<br />Autopilot disengages a few thousand meters from your destination, or any time there is a threat<br />nearby.<br />Communications System<br />The Communications System may be activated by pressing C on the keyboard of your simulator.<br />The Communications screen then presents you with the potential recipients of your message — the<br />currently targeted enemy or your wingman. If there is only one possible recipient in the area, you<br />don’t need to designate the receiver — the simulator will skip over this option screen and immediately<br />present you with the next screen (see the following paragraph). Each receiver is listed by number.<br />Select the desired receiver by pressing the appropriate number key.<br />Then, a second menu will appear with different messages you can send, listed by number. Press the<br />appropriate number key to select your desired message.<br />When other pilots communicate with you, a white box appears around their ship in your view<br />screen. You can read their messages at the top of your screen. If you want the incoming messages to<br />stay on your VDU longer or disappear more quickly, you can adjust the message speed by pressing<br />M at any time during spaceflight. Pressing M repeatedly will cycle you through message speeds<br />from 1 (shortest) to 5 (longest).<br />Wingman Orders<br />Break and Attack (ALT- B). This commands your wingman to leave the current formation and engage<br />all hostile fighters within 12,000 meters. However, he will not attack a capital ship until you do.<br />Keep Formation (ALT- F). This commands your wingman to stay in formation if he has asked to<br />break and attack on his own. It does not apply if your wingman is not currently in formation.<br />Form on My Wing (ALT- F). This commands your wingman to return to your side and resume the<br />formation you were flying in previously. This applies when your wingman has broken formation to<br />attack an enemy.<br />Help Me Out Here (ALT- H). This commands your wingman to engage the enemy attacking you.<br />Attack My Target (ALT- A). This commands your wingman to attack the enemy you currently have<br />targeted. This is the only way your wingman will attack an enemy capital ship. However, capital<br />ships can only be destroyed with torpedoes, Mace missiles or Leech missiles — if your wingman<br />doesn’t have any of these, he will ignore this command.<br />Keep Radio Silence (no ALT combination). This prevents your wingman from communicating with<br />you until the “Broadcast freely” message is sent.<br />Broadcast Freely (no ALT combination). This lets your wingman communicate with you. It is the<br />opposite of “Keep Radio Silence.”<br />Damage Report (ALT- D). This commands your wingman to transmit a damage display of his ship,<br />which appears in your right VDU and is automatically updated. You can cancel this command by<br />pressing T or C.<br />Taunting the Enemy<br />When you have an enemy ship targeted, activating the Communications System (C) and selecting<br />the enemy will bring up a menu of different taunts. Select one of these to insult and infuriate your<br />target. You can also send a random taunt at any time during the game by pressing ALT- T. In a reallife<br />dogfight, taunting your enemy can serve a valuable purpose. An enemy that is furious and distracted<br />makes fatal mistakes more easily. If you remain calm, it will be easier to spot your window of<br />opportunity at the right moment.<br />SPACECRAFT OF THE TERRAN AND KILRATHI FLEETS<br />The ships in the Confederation and Kilrathi fleets come with a wide variety of designs and functions.<br />The particular type of ship you fly during each mission will depend on your primary objective. For<br />example, capital ships with phase shields can only be destroyed with torpedoes, Mace missiles and<br />Leech missiles. The simulator will familiarize you with the advantages and drawbacks as well as the<br />primary functions of each fighter. You will need to adjust your combat strategies according to what<br />you’re flying and what you’re fighting. Even though you have already studied the different fighters in<br />your Confederation and Kilrathi Ships class, this brief reference section should refresh your memory.<br />Take a minute to read about each ship before you actually launch into simulator training.<br />Maximum Velocity/Cruise Velocity. Ship velocities are expressed in kilometers per second (kps).<br />The numbers are always computed relative to a stationary body (or pseudo-body) near the ship, e.g.<br />a nearby planet, an escorted destroyer or even a value derived from the movement of all ships in the<br />area.<br />Acceleration. The ratings for ship acceleration range from Bad, Poor and Average to Good or<br />Excellent.<br />Max. YPR (Maximum Yaw, Pitch, Roll). Yaw describes the ability of a ship to turn to the right or<br />left. Pitch refers to up and down movement. Roll measures the ability of the fighter to spin on its<br />long axis. All numbers are expressed in degrees per second (dps).<br />Ship’s Armor. The measurement of the ship’s defensive armor is expressed in centimeters thickness<br />of Durasteel (centimeters equivalent). The higher the numbers, the more effective the armor.<br />Broadsword<br />Class Heavy Bomber<br />Length 36 m<br />Max. Velocity 320 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 150 kps<br />Acceleration Poor<br />Max. YPR 5 dps<br />Mass 100 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Mass Drivers (3) Torpedoes (4)<br />Pilum FF Missiles (4) Chaff Pod (1)<br />Turrets ( 3)<br />Turret Guns (2 per) Tractor Beam (1 in rear)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 18 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 15 cm each<br />Left and Right 13 cm each<br />The Broadsword was originally designed as an attack bomber for enemy capital ships, but it also<br />serves as an adequate all-purpose fighter. Poor acceleration and maneuverability may force the<br />Broadsword to take several hits from hostile fighters, but strong armor and shields and a wide array<br />of weapons make it a formidable enemy. Keep in mind that the Broadsword is equipped with turrets<br />on both sides and the rear of the ship and several missiles. If it manages to get close enough to a<br />capital ship, it can successfully penetrate phase shields with its four torpedoes. A tractor beam<br />allows this ship to perform retrieve-and-rescue missions in space.<br />Crossbow<br />Class Bomber<br />Length 24 m<br />Max. Velocity 370 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 200 kps<br />Acceleration Average<br />Max. YPR 8 dps<br />Mass 40 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Neutron Guns (2) Torpedoes (4)<br />Pilum FF Missiles (3) Mass Drivers (3)<br />Rear Turret<br />Turret Guns (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 25 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 20 cm each<br />Left and Right 25 cm each<br />The Crossbow is a formidable Confederation anti-capital ship bomber. It combines impressive armor<br />and shields with good maneuverability and traveling velocity. The fighter is equipped with torpedoes,<br />Friend-or-Foe missiles and an array of blasters that include a rear turret. It was a contingent of<br />Crossbows that destroyed the Grakneth’ Dak, a Kilrathi capital ship first sighted near Gorath.<br />Epee<br />Class Light Fighter<br />Length 12.4 m<br />Max. Velocity 480 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 250 kps<br />Acceleration Excellent<br />Max. YPR 10 dps<br />Mass 13 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Particle Cannon (2) Dart DF Missiles (2)<br />Javelin HS Missiles (2) Chaff Pods (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 6 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 3.5 cm each<br />Left and Right 3 cm each<br />The design of the Epee is very similar to that of the Ferret. It also demonstrates excellent acceleration<br />and velocity, and maneuvers even better than the Ferret. While its shields and armor are equally<br />unimpressive, it does carry missiles, chaff pods and more sophisticated blasters. The renowned<br />Confederation pilot Daredevil met his end in the Enigma Sector when his Epee fighter was downed<br />by three Jalkehi pilots.<br />Ferret<br />Class Patrol Fighter<br />Length 10.2 m<br />Max. Velocity 500 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 360 kps<br />Acceleration Good<br />Max. YPR 8 dps<br />Mass 10.5 tonnes<br />Weapons Mass Drivers (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 6 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 6.5 cm each<br />Left and Right 4.5 cm each<br />The Ferret is the fastest light fighter in the Confederation fleet. Only the Wraith, a Confederation<br />ship model currently in development, will be able to fly at higher velocities than this basic fighter.<br />The Ferret has very simple cockpit features, e.g., only one VDU, and it’s the ship most graduating<br />rookie pilots will be first assigned to. The Ferret demonstrates good acceleration and maneuverability,<br />but it is only equipped with mass drivers and has very weak shields and armor. It is not<br />equipped to perform rescue-and-retrieve missions or to attack capital ships.<br />Morningstar<br />Class Heavy Fighter<br />Length 20 m<br />Max. Velocity 400 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 220 kps<br />Acceleration Excellent<br />Max. YPR 8 dps<br />Mass 20 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Particle Cannon (3) Torpedoes (2)<br />Spiculum IR Missiles (2) Mace Missile (1)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 15 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 20 cm each<br />Left and Right 20 cm each<br />The Morningstar is generally recognized as the current Confederation state-of-the-art capital ship<br />destroyer. It combines strong shields and armor with high maneuverability and excellent acceleration.<br />Particle cannon and missiles make it a dangerous opponent for any fighter. However, its true<br />strength lies in its torpedoes and Mace missile. The Mace is the most powerful weapon currently<br />employed in space combat. Equipped with a nuclear warhead, this weapon wields more explosive<br />force than a torpedo.<br />Rapier<br />Class Medium Attack<br />Fighter<br />Length 19 m<br />Max. Velocity 450 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 250 kps<br />Acceleration Excellent<br />Max. YPR 10 dps<br />Mass 15 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Laser Cannon (2) Particle Cannon (2)<br />Dart DF Missiles (2) Javelin HS Missiles (2)<br />Pilum FF Missiles (2) Chaff Pods (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 8 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 6.5 cm each<br />Left and Right 5 cm each<br />Widely used on most carriers, the Rapier was an instrumental force in the Vega campaign. Heavy<br />weapon loadouts along with excellent acceleration and maneuverability make it a highly effective<br />dogfighting ship. The Rapier is equipped with laser and particle cannon as well as a wide array of<br />missiles and several chaff pods. Since its shields and armor are barely average, it is advisable to take<br />evasive action in order to avoid enemy fire. Dragon, the famous Confederation pilot, flew most of<br />the Vega campaign missions in Rapiers. He named it the best all-purpose dogfighter in the<br />Confederation fleet.<br />Sabre<br />Class Heavy Attack Fighter<br />Length 23.6 m<br />Max. Velocity 400 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 220 kps<br />Acceleration Excellent<br />Max. YPR 8 dps<br />Mass 22 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Mass Drivers (2) Spiculum IR Missiles (4)<br />Pilum FF Missiles (2) Dart DF Missiles (2)<br />Chaff Pods (3) Particle Cannon (2)<br />Rear Turret<br />Turret Guns (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 10 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 16 cm each<br />Left and Right 11 cm each<br />The Sabre is one of the best fighters ever designed by Terran scientists. It is equipped with multiple<br />missiles, mass drivers, particle cannon and a rear turret. Keep this in mind when you attempt a rear<br />approach. In spite of its size, the ship is fairly maneuverable and accelerates well. When you are flying<br />a Sabre, you should be aware that its fore and aft shields are weak. Even though the armor is<br />very strong, armor has no regenerating capabilities.<br />Wraith<br />Class Medium Fighter<br />Length 16 m<br />Max. Velocity 600 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 400 kps<br />Acceleration Excellent, by far<br />the best acceleration of any of the ships<br />Max. YPR 10<br />Mass 13.5 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Reaper Cannon (2) Particle Cannon (2)<br />Leech Missiles (2) Javelin HS Missiles (2)<br />Chaff Pods (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 20 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 10 cm each<br />Left and Right 10 cm each<br />The Wraith, currently in development at the Terran Tech Laboratories in New York, will herald a<br />new technological age in the fighter ship field. At the TCSN Academy, we are already training our<br />next generation of elite pilots to fly this Confederation medium fighter. It is equipped with incredibly<br />strong shields and armor. In addition to particle cannon and heat-seeking missiles, it will also<br />carry two newly developed weapon types: the reaper cannon and the Leech missile. Its maneuverability,<br />speed and acceleration will make the Wraith the fastest ship in the known universe.<br />Candar Space Station<br />Class Space Station<br />Length 400 m<br />Max. Velocity 20 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 10 kps<br />Acceleration Bad<br />Max. YPR 1 dps<br />Mass 600 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Flak Guns (2)<br />Armor<br />Top and Bottom Shields 100 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 150 cm each<br />Left and Right 150 cm each<br />The simulator has implemented Candar Station so you<br />will learn how to defend friendly space stations. Protected<br />by flak guns as well as strong armor, it is a hard nut to<br />crack. However, a Kilrathi force with formidable weapon<br />loadouts could destroy Candar if they manage to dodge<br />you and its flak volleys since the space station is not protected<br />by phase shields.<br />Dorkathi<br />Class Transport<br />( Military)<br />Length 95 m<br />Max. Velocity 200 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 100 kps<br />Acceleration Poor<br />Max. YPR 2 dps<br />Mass 5000 tonnes<br />Turrets<br />Flak Guns (3)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 19 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 17 cm each<br />Left and Right 16 cm each<br />The Dorkathi is one of the most commonly encountered Kilrathi capital ships. Being a transport, it is<br />not equipped with phase shield protection. Its conventional fore and aft shields are fairly weak, but<br />the Dorkathi armor will deflect most hits from attacking fighters. Avoid the deadly flak the ship will<br />fire at you from its three turrets. If you follow the suggested attack strategy for capital ships in the<br />back of this manual, however, this transport should be fairly easy to dispose of.<br />Drakhri<br />Class Medium Fighter<br />Length 11.7 m<br />Max. Velocity 400 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 200 kps<br />Acceleration Good<br />Max. YPR 7 dps<br />Mass 14 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Laser Cannon (3) DF Missiles (4)<br />Chaff Pod (1)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 5.5 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 4 cm each<br />Left and Right 3.5 cm each<br />The Drakhri fighter is the lightest medium fighter of the Kilrathi fleet. Its velocity and acceleration<br />are only slightly above average. The Drakhri’s weak shields and armor hardly protect it from enemy<br />hits. Its loadout consists of laser cannon and dumb fire missiles. In spite of its unimpressive design,<br />this ship can still become a formidable enemy in the hands of an accomplished Kilrathi ace. During<br />my duty in the Vega campaign, I barely survived a grueling dogfight with a lone Drakhri flown by<br />Khajja the Fang.<br />Grikath<br />Class Heavy Fighter<br />Length 17.7 m<br />Max. Velocity 330 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 200 kps<br />Acceleration Poor<br />Max. YPR 3 dps<br />Mass 27 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Neutron Guns (3) Torpedoes (3)<br />Chaff Pods (3) FF Missiles (3)<br />Rear Turret<br />Turret Gun (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 17 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 16 cm each<br />Left and Right 14 cm each<br />When you see Grikath fighters attacking your space station, act quickly. This Kilrathi heavy fighter<br />remains one of the most efficient capital ship destroyers ever designed, and played an instrumental<br />part in the destruction of the TCS Freedom during the Tesla campaign. With its heavy torpedo loadout,<br />it can wreak havoc if it gets close enough to its target. Armor and shields are strong, but<br />maneuverability and traveling velocity are barely above average. Due to its poor acceleration, the<br />Grikath is not particularly suited to dogfighting encounters. However, be careful when approaching<br />from the rear, since it can defend itself with deadly volleys from its turret.<br />Jalkehi<br />Class Heavy Fighter<br />Length 25.2 m<br />Max. Velocity 360 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 200 kps<br />Acceleration Average<br />Max. YPR 2 dps<br />Mass 20 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Laser Cannon (4) Particle Cannon (1)<br />IR Missiles (4) DF Missile (1)<br />Rear Turret<br />Turret Guns (2)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 15 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 13 cm each<br />Left and Right 11 cm each<br />The Jalkehi is one of the best heavy fighters in the Kilrathi fleet. Even though maneuverability and<br />velocity are only average, strong armor and shields can absorb several enemy hits. When you are<br />fighting Jalkehi, you should rely on side attacks to avoid fire from the rear turret. Remember to move<br />quickly, so the Jalkehi IR missiles won’t have time to “memorize” your ship type. The laser and particle<br />cannon provide the Jalkehi with good blaster capabilities.<br />Jrathek<br />Class Medium Fighter<br />Length 20 m<br />Max. Velocity 500 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 350 kps<br />Acceleration Excellent<br />Max. YPR 10 dps<br />Mass 15 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Photon Cannon (2) Plasma Bolts (2)<br />FF Missiles (2) DF Missiles (2)<br />Chaff Pods (1)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 15 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 20 cm each<br />Left and Right 18 cm each<br />When Hajjnah, the renowned Kilrathi scientist and engineer, defected to the TCS Viking, he brought<br />with him blueprints detailing the design of a Kilrathi ship currently in development. This Jrathek<br />fighter has been prototyped in the TCSN simulator to prepare our students for the newest Kilrathi<br />threat. Similar to the Wraith, the Jrathek will be equipped with strong shields and armor; in addition,<br />its maneuverability and speed will make it the fastest Kilrathi fighter ship. However, its<br />weapon loadout is less impressive. The Jrathek is the only Kilrathi ship you can both pilot and fly<br />against in your simulation training.<br />Ralatha<br />Class Destroyer<br />Length 394 m<br />Max. Velocity 250 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 150 kps<br />Acceleration Poor<br />Max. YPR 1 dps<br />Mass 11,000 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Anti-Matter Cannon (2) Flak Cannon (4)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields Phase Shields<br />Front and Rear 500 cm each<br />Left and Right 500 cm each<br />The Ralatha is one of the most sophisticated capital ships of the Kilrathi fleet. The destroyer is<br />equipped with phase shields and multiple turrets as well as anti-matter guns. These huge blasters<br />allow the Ralatha to attack other capital ships and space stations. I personally witnessed the demise<br />of the TCS Viper when it came under fire from an attacking Ralatha destroyer in the Gwynedd sector.<br />Sartha<br />Class Light Fighter<br />Length 8.3 m<br />Max. Velocity 400 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 220 kps<br />Acceleration Good<br />Max. YPR 4 dps<br />Mass 12.5 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Neutron Guns (2) DF Missile (1)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 5 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 4 cm each<br />Left and Right 3 cm each<br />The Kilrathi Sartha is a light fighter comparable to the Confederation’s Epee. The Kilrathi fighter is<br />slower and not as maneuverable as the Ferret or the Epee. Shields and armor are extremely weak. At<br />close ranges, the Sartha can inflict damage with its neutron guns and one dumb fire missile, but<br />these ships only pose a real threat if they surround your fighter in large numbers. During my service<br />in the Gwynedd system, I lost a wingman to a swarm of Sartha pilots.<br />Strakha<br />Class Medium Fighter<br />Length 17 m<br />Max. Velocity 320 kps<br />Cruise Velocity 200 kps<br />Acceleration Poor<br />Max. YPR 4 dps<br />Mass 15 tonnes<br />Weapons<br />Laser Cannon (2) Torpedoes (2)<br />DF Missiles (2) Stealth Device (1)<br />Armor<br />Fore and Aft Shields 4 cm equivalent each<br />Front and Rear 4 cm each<br />Left and Right 3.5 cm each<br />The Strakha is a medium fighter with average traveling velocity, negligible shields and armor, and<br />poor acceleration and maneuverability. And yet it was this fighter that destroyed the TCS Tiger’s<br />Claw in 2654. The Strakha was the first (and, to this date, only) Kilrathi ship equipped with a previously-<br />unknown cloaking device that allowed the ship to vanish from sight without a trace. With its<br />torpedoes, the Strakha contingent then proceeded to annihilate the Tiger’s Claw. We have since<br />received confirmation of this device through Hajjnah, the brilliant Kilrathi scientist and engineer<br />who defected to the Terran Confederation two years ago.<br />WEAPONS OF THE TERRAN AND KILRATHI FLEETS<br />Strategies in space combat depend not only on the ships you and your opponents are flying, but<br />also on the weapon loadouts of every fighter. For example, if you know your enemy only has short<br />range blaster capabilities and no chaff pods, you will try to eliminate him at long range with particle<br />cannon and missiles. If you are attacking a enemy capital ship with phase shields, you will use different<br />weapons than if you’re attacking a Dorkathi transport without such defenses. An intimate<br />knowledge of ship loadouts and weapon characteristics is absolutely vital to your survival in space.<br />This section summarizes the most important weapon features of all Kilrathi and Confederation<br />weapon systems.<br />DEFENSIVE WEAPONS<br />Flak Gun. Capital ships rely primarily on heavy flak barrages for protection. The massive explosive<br />force and the high velocity of these weapons will down almost any ship immediately. With their<br />great accuracy, flak guns are also employed for point-defense against torpedoes.<br />Chaff Pod. Chaff pods provide an efficient method of diverting missiles that are currently targeting<br />your ship. Missiles will home in on the chaff, rather than your ship, and explode harmlessly. Chaff<br />pods must be released shortly before impact of the missile. Once you have released chaff, hit your<br />afterburners and escape from the danger zone. Chaff only diverts missiles currently targeted on you.<br />Any missiles that lock onto you after the pod has already been released will not be diverted.<br />Phase Shield. These protective devices are the latest in defense technology and render any capital<br />ship impervious to fighter guns and most missiles. Torpedoes, Leech missiles and Mace missiles are<br />the only weapon systems capable of penetrating these shields.<br />Stealth Device. Kilrathi forces have developed stealth technology that renders their ships completely<br />invisible to our detection technology. We have emulated this phenomenon in our simulation of<br />the Strakha ship.<br />OFFENSIVE WEAPONS<br />When a weapon is named below (e.g., Dart or Javelin), its description applies specifically to a<br />Confederation system. However, in most cases, there is a closely corresponding Kilrathi weapon.<br />Missiles<br />Dart Dumb Fire Missile (DF). This missile system is a point-and-shoot weapon with no homing<br />capabilities. Reserve this weapon for use against slow targets at medium to close range when you<br />can easily anticipate the enemy’s next movement.<br />Javelin Heat-Seeking Missile (HS). This weapon zeroes in on any recognizable source of heat, so it<br />can only lock on to a target’s engine and/or exhaust system. When you have a Javelin ready, wait<br />until you are behind your targeted enemy and the right VDU indicates a missile lock, then fire. Be<br />careful, though. If your opponent manages to elude the missile, it will lock onto any other heat<br />source it can find, including your own ship or that of your wingman.<br />Leech Missile. This missile was designed for the Wraith fighter currently in development. It drains<br />its target of all energy for approximately 10 seconds, inactivating shields and weapon systems alike.<br />Within that 10 seconds, you should have no trouble destroying your defenseless enemy. Leech missiles<br />are anticipated to be especially effective against capital ships, where they will be capable of temporarily<br />incapacitating phase shields and flak guns.<br />Mace Tactical Nuclear Missile. This missile is equipped with a nuclear warhead. Even though it<br />has no homing capabilities, its high velocity and incredible explosive force can annihilate any enemy<br />fighter or capital ship. Use this missile on slow targets at medium to close ranges.<br />Pilum Friend-or-Foe Missile (FF). This missile recognizes a distinctive signal broadcast by all registered<br />ships of the Terran Confederation. (Hijacked Confederation ships will have been deleted<br />from the registry.) An FF missile targets the nearest ship that isn’t broadcasting. This means it will<br />also zero in on Confederation ships with damaged broadcasting systems, including your own.<br />Spiculum Image-Recognition Missile (IR). If you want to shoot an IR missile at your enemy, you<br />need to keep him in your sights for several seconds. The weapon system “memorizes” the ship type<br />you are targeting. Then it will track the enemy until it is outpaced or it hits. This missile is a particularly<br />lethal weapon in space combat.<br />Guns<br />Laser Cannon. Effective at ranges up to 4800 m, laser cannon demonstrate long-range capabilities<br />far better than the neutron gun or mass driver. Laser cannon do not inflict much damage on the<br />enemy, but they also require little power, allowing for more shots at a time.<br />Mass Driver. Effective at medium ranges, for average damage, the mass driver depletes blaster<br />power a bit more quickly than a laser cannon. Although laser cannon and neutron guns may be<br />more effective in certain situations, mass drivers can always be employed with good results.<br />Neutron Gun. This weapon inflicts relatively heavy damage on its target. However, it is only effective<br />at fairly close ranges, and depletes blaster power quickly.<br />Particle Cannon. This cannon combine the long-range capabilities of a laser cannon with the damage<br />potential of neutron guns, creating a highly efficient blaster.<br />Photon Gun. This weapon system will be part of the Jrathek fighter currently in development in<br />Kilrathi shipyards. Even though photon guns deplete blaster power quickly, they also inflict significant<br />damage on their target. With their long-range effectiveness and their high velocity, photon<br />guns will be the only blaster weapons approaching the sophistication of reaper cannon.<br />Plasma Bolt. This basic blaster is being implemented on the new Kilrathi Jrathek fighter. Plasma<br />bolts are only effective at very short ranges and don’t inflict much damage. On the other hand, they<br />expend very little blaster energy, allowing the pilot to employ them indefinitely.<br />Reaper Cannon. Similar to a particle cannon, this blaster also combines long-range effectiveness<br />with powerful damage potential. Reaper cannon are even more powerful than neutron guns, but<br />they also deplete blaster power very quickly. Currently in development for use on the new<br />Confederation Wraith, these weapons represent our latest advances in blaster technology.<br />Turret Gun. This swivel-mounted gun is very similar to the neutron gun. Designed specifically for<br />turrets on fighter ships, it can defend a fighter against rear and side approaches. A medium-range<br />gun with high firing rates, it depletes blaster power rather quickly.<br />Other Systems<br />Torpedo. Many Confederation and Kilrathi capital ships have phase shields that render them invulnerable<br />to most fighter weapons. Only Torpedoes and Mace missiles can penetrate these powerful<br />shields. (Torpedoes can only lock onto capital ships.) However, during the twenty seconds they<br />need to lock onto their target, you can’t maneuver, thus exposing you to greater danger.<br />Tractor Beam. This retrieval system will lock onto small targets and pull them into your ship. The<br />tractor beam is a vital tool for retrieving ejected pilots and data capsules from space.<br />Anti-Matter Gun. This ponderous weapon is found on capital ships and is usually only employed<br />against other capital ships. Like a torpedo, it penetrates shields instantly and directly attacks armor.<br />It is hard to aim and is not used to down fighter-sized craft. If you happen to get in the way, however,<br />a single hit from this weapon is sure to annihilate your ship before you have any hope of ejecting.<br />MANEUVERS AND STRATEGIES<br />At this point, I would like to call your attention to some of the most important strategies in space<br />combat. We have already gone over innumerable strategies and maneuvers in class at the Academy.<br />However, it is easy to forget theoretical training in the face of a formidable enemy heading straight<br />for you and your wingman. Even a simulator can only prepare you to some extent for this terrifying<br />experience. The tactics listed below are of such vital importance to your survival in real-life combat<br />that they should be kept in mind at all times. Before you launch into simulator training, you should<br />memorize these hints until they become second nature when you are seated in a fighter cockpit.<br />GENERAL COMBAT STRATEGIES<br />Do not rely solely on spin and turn maneuvers when you are trying to take evasive action. In-flight<br />computer systems will have no trouble keeping a lock on your ship if you are simply performing<br />turns at constant speed.<br />Varying your travel velocity is the most effective way of escaping enemy fire. Hit the afterburner<br />key while you are changing direction so you can add an element of unpredictability that will confuse<br />your opponent.<br />Stopping your ship with BACKSPACE on the console is similarly effective. However, you must immediately<br />increase your speed again or you will become a “sitting duck” and an easy target for your<br />enemy.<br />Limits to Afterburners.While afterburners are the most effective method of escape, they also use<br />up an alarming amount of fuel. You should therefore use them sparingly and in short bursts. It is a<br />good idea to always keep a finger on the afterburner key in case you should suddenly need to<br />escape from a danger zone.<br />Guns, then Missiles. Many enemy fighters are equipped with fairly strong shields and armor reinforcements.<br />In a crowded dogfight it is advisable to weaken your opponents’ shields and armor with<br />gun fire first. Then it will be a lot easier to finish your foe off with a missile.<br />Missiles and Blasters. Once you have launched a missile against an enemy ship, make sure you<br />give the missile some time to hit its target before you follow up with your blaster weapons. If you<br />shoot your guns too quickly, you may hit the missile while it is still on its way to the target and it<br />will explode harmlessly, leaving your enemy unscathed.<br />Maximize Blaster Power. In general, the most successful pilots are those which seek to maximize<br />blaster power at all times. Do not open fire randomly and at long ranges or you will waste valuable<br />power. Instead you should attempt to take evasive action until you see a window of opportunity. A<br />few well-placed shots with full blaster power at short range will be far more effective then a barrage<br />of shots at long range.<br />Afterburner Slide. One of the most effective tactics in space combat is the afterburner slide. As I<br />have already pointed out, enemy computer systems have no difficulty keeping you in their sights if<br />you are maneuvering at constant speeds. Velocity changes help, but they are no guarantee for your<br />safety. If you punch the afterburners, however, then turn hard to the right or left, your ship will<br />begin to slide. This movement is not translated perfectly by tracking systems, making it a highly<br />effective defensive tactic. When enemy forces are approaching you head-on, a slide will remove you<br />from the line of fire and put you in a perfect position for a side attack on the first ships. When your<br />enemy is about 3500 m away, begin turning to the right at an angle of approximately 30°. As soon as<br />the hostile ships are barely visible on the left side of your viewscreen, hit the afterburners and accelerate<br />to full speed. Then turn hard to the left. Try to maintain your current elevation when your ship<br />begins to slide. This maneuver should place you in a perfect position to open fire on your target.<br />1. At a range of 3000 - 3500 meters from<br />your target, turn left about 30 degrees.<br />2. Straighten out and immediately punch your<br />afterburners hard, making sure you achieve<br />maximum velocity.<br />3. At a range of about 2000 meters, turn hard to the right.<br />Make sure you don't change elevation during the turn.<br />4. At a range of 1000 - 1500 meters, the nose of your ship should be<br />aiming at the lead enemy ship. Thumb the fire button for maximum<br />effect, then turn and follow the enemy wing.<br />AFTERBURNER SLIDE<br />Concentrate on One Foe. Once you have hit an enemy, it is advisable to keep that particular fighter<br />in your sights until he is destroyed. If you switch between targets, each will have time to regenerate<br />its shields and blaster power and it will be harder to finish them off.<br />Cooperate with your Wingman. Learning how to cooperate with your wingman in dogfights and<br />other missions is one of the most vital skills you will ever acquire. You have already learned the<br />objectives of wing commanders and wingmen in class. This simulator concentrates on teaching you<br />how to be a wing commander and direct your wingman in a way that will ensure the safety and survival<br />of both you and your companion.<br />Directing your Wingman. There is no explicit command that allows you to direct your wingman to<br />a specific target. If you want him to go after a particular ship, however, simply lock onto the desired<br />target yourself and order your wingman to “Attack my Target.” This command will send him after<br />your locked objective, while you are free to pursue other ships with your guns or dumb-fire-missiles<br />which do not require a lock. This tactic is only successful if you keep your original target locked.<br />Asteroids and Mines.When you hit the edge of an asteroid or mine field, it is advisable to slow<br />down. 250 kps is generally thought to be the safest navigation velocity when you are forced to cross<br />obstacle fields.<br />ATTACKING A CAPITAL SHIP<br />Attacking a capital ship is one of the most difficult missions you can fly. The flak guns from the capital<br />ship will instantly destroy your fighter if you do not dodge their deadly fire in time. You will<br />also have to eliminate a contingent of Kilrathi escort fighters if you want to get anywhere near your<br />primary objective.<br />Once you have taken out the escort, you need to concentrate on the capital ship itself. Many capital<br />ships, e.g. the Ralatha, have phase shield defenses which effectively counteract any damage from<br />missiles or guns. The only weapons capable of penetrating these shields are torpedoes. Other capital<br />ships and transporters are only protected by strong armor. They can eventually be destroyed with<br />missiles and guns. The Leech missile can effectively drain a capital ship of its energy, thereby taking<br />out its flak guns and its phase shields for approximately 10 seconds. This leaves the capital ship<br />defenseless for your attack. You may want to get close to your target before firing your Leech,<br />because flak guns can more easily neutralize a missile if it is shot from long range.<br />If you are flying a ship without the Leech missile, flak from the capital ship’s turrets make a side<br />approach far too dangerous. In this case, the best strategy for a capital ship attack is a maximum<br />velocity rear attack. There is less laser fire in the rear and the capital ship’s rear armor is usually<br />weaker. Make sure you have full blaster power before you start your maximum velocity approach<br />from a distance of 4000 m. Launch your torpedoes when you are between 3000 m and 2000 m<br />away. A Dorkathi transport can be taken out with guns and missiles only, while the Ralatha and<br />Candar Space Station are protected by phase defenses. Begin firing with your heaviest gun at about<br />1500 m. At 1000 m distance, break hard to the left or right and circle back before you begin another<br />approach. This will give you some time to regenerate your blaster power. If you employ this form<br />of rear attack with torpedoes, you will soon be able to record your first capital ship kill.<br />Kilrathi Dorkathi-class Transport<br />1000 meters – turn left or right<br />Hit afterburners Hit afterburners<br />Epee<br />Gun barrage from 1500<br />to 1000 meters<br />Launch missiles before<br />2000 meters<br />Begin approach beyond<br />4000 meters<br />ATTACKING A<br />CAPITAL SHIP<br />WINGMEN PROFILES<br />During my years at the Academy, Maniac<br />was one of the most colorful students there.<br />In spite of barely adequate performance in<br />class, he managed to beat everyone in the<br />simulator. He had a definite talent for flying<br />and soon he was dusting his opponents with<br />his unconventional and daring tricks. But<br />talent alone does not necessarily make you<br />an accomplished fighter pilot. His occasionally<br />irrational behavior and total lack of<br />responsibility to his wing commander more<br />often than not made him a liability rather<br />than an asset. When we were attacked by the<br />Kilrathi contingent that was to cost me my<br />career, Maniac failed to obey a single command.<br />Even though he managed to down<br />several enemy fighters, he also abandoned his commander, jeopardizing the entire mission. When<br />you are flying a mission with Maniac, remember that you are on your own. You cannot rely on him<br />obeying your orders even though his dogfighting and piloting skills are excellent. Flying with a<br />wingman like Maniac in simulated missions will give you an idea of how important it is to obey<br />your wing commander’s orders. It will also teach you how to survive when you cannot rely on protection<br />from your wingman.<br />You have probably all heard of Hobbes, the<br />Kilrathi ace who defected to the Terran<br />Confederation because he was disgusted by<br />the ruthless expansionism of the Kilrathi<br />Empire. Many fighter pilots refused to fly<br />with him because they were suspicious of his<br />motives and saw him as a traitor. After I got<br />to know Hobbes, I was fortunate enough to<br />fly several missions with him. He is one of<br />the most formidable pilots I have ever<br />known. Small wonder that the Kilrathi<br />empire is such an awesome foe when they are<br />fighting with pilots of Hobbes’ caliber. With<br />his brilliant piloting and dogfighting skills, as<br />well as his loyalty and dependability as a<br />wingman, he is the epitome of everything a<br />fighter pilot should be. I incorporated him in the simulation program because Hobbes’ example will<br />teach you the merits of an accomplished and loyal wingman and show you the gifts of a rare pilot.<br />Maniac<br />Hobbes<br />Angel, Captain Jeannette Devereaux, has<br />flown countless missions for the Terran<br />Confederation. She is one of the steadiest,<br />most consistent fighters we have put in the<br />field. She has never failed to loyally protect<br />her wing commander and has always managed<br />to keep her head in even the most heated<br />dogfight. She is also an exceptionally<br />beautiful and mysterious woman, but that is<br />another matter…. I flew many missions with<br />her before we were separated at my request.<br />Becoming emotionally involved with your<br />flying partner can cloud your judgement in<br />the heat of battle. Flying with Angel in the<br />simulator will show you why she is one of<br />the most successful pilots in the Terran<br />Confederation. Her level-headed approach and her unwavering loyalty to her commander have kept<br />her alive through all the difficult missions she has flown.<br />I included Lightspeed in the simulator as a<br />tribute to my brother, Bryan Lombard, who<br />flew to his death barely three months after<br />graduating from the Academy. Eager, impulsive<br />and trigger-happy, he and his wing<br />commander unexpectedly ran into a Kilrathi<br />force on a routine reconnaissance mission.<br />Lightspeed presumably panicked and chased<br />after an enemy Sartha. He didn’t realize he<br />was being lured away from his commander<br />so the Kilrathi could finish off both ships<br />separately. He didn’t stand a chance against<br />the experienced enemy fighters. As a wing<br />commander in the simulator, you should<br />learn how to protect an inexperienced wingman<br />like Lightspeed and give him orders<br />that are feasible for him to follow. If I had had the chance to train my brother in this simulator, he<br />might have been more prepared for the Kilrathi when they came after him that fateful day.<br />Angel<br />Lightspeed<br />ONLINE SERVICES AND BULLETIN BOARDS<br />Many of the most popular online services provide access to ORIGIN company news,<br />product updates, release dates, technical support and game hints. In addition, ORIGIN<br />has established its own electronic bulletin board as a customer service.<br />America Online. You can e-mail Customer Support at ORIGIN CS or Marketing at<br />OSI. To reach our Customer Support board in the Industry Connection, press CTRL-K<br />for “Go to Keyword.” Then type ORIGIN in the Keyword window. In addition to reading<br />messages, you can download files from the “Origin Software Library.” For membership<br />information and a free starter kit, you can call America Online toll-free at 1-800-<br />827-6364.<br />CompuServe. To reach our Customer Support board in the Game Publishers Forum,<br />type GO GAMAPUB at any “!” prompt. Then select Origin Section (2). In addition to<br />reading the messages, you can download files from the “Library (Files)” menu. To reach<br />our Customer Service department by e-mail, our address is 76004,2612 (or you can<br />post a message in the Origin Section). For membership information and a free starter<br />kit, you can call CompuServe toll-free at 1-800-848-8199 and ask Representative #361<br />for your free introductory membership and $15 usage credit.<br />Producer<br />Thomas Blom<br />Executive Producer<br />Dallas Snell<br />Programming<br />Jeff Everett, Brent A. Thale<br />Art<br />Whitney Ayres, Glen Johnson<br />Music<br />Kirk Winterrowd, John Tipton<br />Sound Effects<br />Marc Schaefgen<br />Quality Assurance<br />Rik Packham, Bill LaCoste, Charles Angel, Scott Shelton,<br />Russell Byrd, Jerrold Harrington, Andrew Hofmann,<br />Starr Long, Marshall Andrews<br />Quality Assurance Leader<br />Perry Stokes<br />Documentation<br />Kirsten Vaughan<br />Editing<br />David Ladyman<br />Documentation Design<br />Al Carnley<br />Cover Art<br />Chris Douglas, Jake Rodgers<br />Box Design<br />Jennifer Davis<br />CREDITS

Welcome to Wing Commander Academy. The following<br />includes quick installation instructions, for users<br />familiar with the process, and a more detailed, step-bystep<br />guide to installing the game. If you experience any<br />difficulty, consult Troubleshooting (pp. 3-4). To<br />avoid compatibility or memory problems, please take a<br />moment to confirm that your machine matches the<br />system requirements. Remember, you may safely quit<br />and start over at any time!<br />Note: Wing Commander Academy has been fully<br />tested with the Double Space disk compression utility<br />that shipped with MS-DOS version 6.0. We cannot<br />guarantee the compatibility of our games with other<br />disk compression utilities.<br />1. Turn on your computer and wait for the DOS<br />prompt. Some machines boot directly to Windows,<br />or a different shell environment. Be sure to exit your<br />Windows or shell program, and install directly from<br />the DOS command prompt (C:\>).<br />2. Insert Disk 1 of Wing Commander Academy into a<br />floppy drive.<br />3. Type the name of that floppy drive (A: or B:), then<br />press ¿.<br />4. Type INSTALL and press ¿.<br />5. When prompted, follow the instructions in the<br />installation program.<br />For more details, see Installation Menus, below.<br />Help with the installation process is available at any<br />time by pressing F1.<br />A 2 meg machine is re qui red. (However , we<br />recommend 4 megs of memory to play W i n g<br />Commander Academy.) A minimum of 5MB hard drive<br />space is required. By typing MEM at the DOS command<br />prompt (C:\>), you can see how much memory is<br />available on your computer. The game needs 586K<br />(600,064 bytes) of DOS memory available (3rd line<br />reported by mem) and 800,000 bytes of available EMS<br />memory.<br />Some sound cards require additional EMS memory.<br />Sound Blaster, Sound Blaster Pro and Ad Lib require<br />no additional EMS memory. Using a Roland card<br />requires 848K (868,352 bytes) of available EMS<br />memory (total, not additional ). When you use a<br />Roland card for music and a Sound Blaster (or Sound<br />Blaster Pro) for speech, you must have 913K (934,912<br />bytes) of available EMS memory (total, not additional).<br />Note to 2 meg owners: If you have a 2 meg machine, you<br />will not be able to free enough EMS memory to use both a<br />Sound Blaster Pro and a Roland. You must choose between<br />the Sound Blaster Pro and the Roland.<br />The installation process is menu-guided. Use ­ and ¯<br />to select among the options on each screen, then press<br />¿. If the install program detects a condition that will<br />prevent installation (e.g. not enough disk space), the<br />program will stop and notify you of the nature of the<br />problem. You must fix the problem before installation<br />can succeed.<br />Main Menu<br />After an introductory screen, the main menu appears.<br />From here you can select an install option:<br />Install the game. This option attempts to install the<br />game onto the hard drive or drive partition you specify.<br />Change the hardware configuration. Run this option<br />of the ins tall program any time you change the<br />hardware configuration of your machine after Wing<br />Commander Academy has been installed, so that the<br />game can use the new configuration. Once you have<br />given the specifications and have verified that they are<br />correct, you are finished. You can now exit the install<br />program.<br />IN S TA L L AT I O N ME N U S<br />ME M O RY RE Q U I R E M E N T S<br />ON- LI N E HE L P<br />QU I C K IN S TA L L AT I O N<br />1
™<br />Abort installation. This option allows you to cancel<br />the install process. (You may also abort the installation<br />process at certain other points while the files are being<br />copied to the hard drive by pressing ESC.) You will be<br />asked to verify all abort requests, giving you a chance to<br />change your mind and continue with the installation.<br />Machine Specifications<br />After you have selected an install option from the main<br />menu, the install program will attempt to determine<br />some specifics about your machine. What it finds will<br />be displayed as defaults to the left of the screen. If the<br />defaults are incorrect, you can change them with the<br />following menu options (after answering NO to the<br />question “Are you sati sf ied with the current<br />configuration?”):<br />Source drive. This is the drive (A: or B:) that currently<br />contains Wing Commander Academy Disk 1. You can<br />only install the game from either the A: or B: drive of<br />your computer.<br />Destination drive. This should be the hard drive (or<br />partition) ont o which you are ins talling W i n g<br />Commander Academy. It must have at least 5MB of<br />space free for installation.<br />Destination directory. If you are not satisfied with the<br />default directory (\WCA), select NO, and enter your<br />preferred directory. The directory will be created if it<br />does not already exist.<br />Sound card. A list of possible sound cards is displayed.<br />Choose the card that most closely matches the one in<br />your machine. For example, if you have a 100% Sound<br />Blaster compatible card, you would choose S O U N D<br />BLASTER. The auto-detect feature will only detect sound<br />cards at their default settings. If your sound card is not<br />at its default setting, the installation program will detect<br />it as AD LIB. In this case you should answer NO to the<br />quest ion: “Are you satisf ied with the current<br />configuration?” Then manually select the appropriate<br />sound card from the option menus described below. If<br />you have trouble with the installation that the on-line<br />help (F1) or information in this guide cannot help you<br />with, please contact ORIGIN Customer Service (see<br />Troubleshooting, pp. 3-4).<br />The following menus handle sound card configuration<br />information:<br />I/O port setting. This setting defaults to 220H. Other<br />possible values are 210H, 230H, 240H, 250H and<br />260H.<br />IRQ setting. This menu gives you a choice of 3, 5 or 7 (7<br />is the default for most, but not all, Sound Blaster cards).<br />For more information on these settings, see your<br />Sound Blaster documentation.<br />Note to Sound Blaster Pro Users: IRQ 10 is not<br />supported due to technical constraints.<br />If you are installing the game, you will be prompted to<br />insert various Wing Commander Academy disks. Insert<br />the disks as prompted and press any key to continue<br />with the installation until it is complete.<br />If you are experiencing problems running W i n g<br />Commander Academy, it might help to create a separate<br />boot disk or decrease the number of memory-resident<br />programs (TSRs) you have loaded.<br />Creating a Boot Disk<br />To create a separate boot disk, insert a blank high<br />density disk in your A: drive. From the DOS prompt,<br />type:<br />FORMAT A: /S ¿<br />Modifying CONFIG.SYS<br />When the DOS prompt returns and the format is<br />complete, type:<br />EDIT A:\CONFIG.SYS ¿<br />When the new screen appears, determine which<br />memory management system you are using (if any)<br />from those listed below, and type the commands<br />shown under that system:<br />CONFIG.SYS using QEMM<br />FILES= 15<br />BUFFERS= 15<br />DEVICE=C:\QEMM\QEMM386.SYS<br />DOS=HIGH,UMB<br />SHELL=C:\DOS\COMMAND.COM /P<br />CONFIG.SYS using DOS 5’s EMM386.EXE<br />FILES= 15<br />BUFFERS= 15<br />DEVICE=C:\DOS\HIMEM.SYS<br />DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE 1024 RAM<br />DOS=HIGH,UMB<br />SHELL=C:\DOS\COMMAND.COM /P<br />CONFIG.SYS using DOS 6.0’s EMM386. EXE<br />FILES= 15<br />BUFFERS= 15<br />DEVICE=C:\DOS\HIMEM.SYS<br />DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE 1024 RAM<br />DOS=UMB<br />DOS=HIGH<br />SHELL=C:\DOS\COMMAND.COM /P<br />CONFIG.SYS using DOS 6.0’s EMM386.EXE and Double Space<br />FILES= 15<br />BUFFERS= 15<br />DEVICE=C:\DOS\HIMEM.SYS<br />DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE 1024 /I=B000-B7FF RAM<br />DOS=UMB<br />DOS=HIGH<br />DEVICEHIGH=C:\DOS\DBLSPACE.SYS /MOVE<br />OP T I M I Z I N G Y O U R SY S T E M<br />IN S TA L L I N G T H E GA M E<br />2
Exiting CONFIG.SYS and Modifying<br />AUTOEXEC.BAT<br />After typing these lines, you should exit and save your<br />file. Do so by typing:<br />ALT- F<br />X
Y<br />Next you need an AUTOEXEC.BAT file on your boot<br />disk. Type:<br />EDIT A:\AUTOEXEC.BAT ¿<br />PATH=C:\DOS<br />PROMPT $P$G<br />C:<br />CD\(Wing Commander Academy drive)<br />WCA<br />(The AUTOEXEC.BAT file does not vary with different<br />memory drivers.)<br />“Wing Commander Academy dr ive” should be the<br />directory in which you installed Wing Commander<br />Academy — for example, if you installed the game in<br />the default directory we suggested, the fifth line you<br />typed would read:<br />CD\WCA<br />Exit and save this file by typing:<br />ALT- F<br />X
Y<br />Disk Cache Set-Up<br />If you have a 4 Meg machine or greater, you can install<br />SMARTDRV.EXE (a disk cache program). We<br />recommend you allocate 1024K of memory to the disk<br />cache. We also recommend using the SMARTDRV<br />versions from Windows 3.1 or DOS 6.0. If you decide<br />to install SMARTDRV, you need to add the following<br />line to the beginning of your AUTOEXEC.BAT file:<br />C:\DOS\SMARTDRV.EXE 1024<br />Mouse Set-Up<br />For ease of gameplay, we recommend the use of a<br />mouse in addition to a joystick. Be sure that you are<br />using a 100% Microsoft-compatible mouse driver. If<br />you’re using a boot disk, this driver must be loaded<br />within your boot di sk conf iguration. Since the<br />command line may differ from mouse to mouse,<br />consult your hard drive’s AUTOEXEC.BAT or your<br />mouse user’s guide. One example is:<br />C:\MOUSE\MOUSE.COM<br />Be sure to include your specific mouse driver line to<br />the beginning of the AUTOEXEC.BAT file of your boot<br />disk. When you want to play Wing Commander<br />Academy, insert this boot disk in the A: drive and start<br />or restart your computer.<br />Installation Fails<br />In the unlikely event that installation fails, an error<br />message should tell you the nature of the problem. See<br />Troubleshooting (below) for solutions to some<br />common problems.<br />Q: My mouse is not working with WCA. My mouse works<br />with all of my other software applications; why not with<br />WCA?<br />A: If your mouse is not working with WCA, you should<br />first check to see if your mouse has been loaded in<br />DOS (in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file) or onto the boot<br />disk you are using to play the game. Windows and<br />many other “multi-tasking” environments load their<br />own built-in mouse driver. These mouse drivers will<br />not operate outside of their shell environment. Loading<br />a mouse driver into the DOS environment can be as<br />simple as typing MOUSE ¿ at the command prompt.<br />For example:<br />C:\>MOUSE ¿<br />This command can differ from mouse driver software<br />to mouse driver software. Please consult your mouse<br />user’s guide and Mouse Set-Up (above) for further<br />details.<br />Q: Why doesn’t my joystick work correctly? It works with<br />WC and WCII.<br />A: Be sure that your joystick has been calibrated<br />correctly. Once within a mission, press J or SHIFT-J to<br />recalibrate your joystick. Also, because of the close<br />interaction between the mouse and the joystick, be<br />sure that your mouse driver is 100% Microsoftcompatible.<br />Please consult your mouse user’s guide<br />and Mouse Set-Up (above) for further details.<br />Q: When I boot the game, it says “Expanded memory not<br />detected,” but I have two megs of RAM. What’s wrong?<br />A: First, not all types of extra RAM are equal. There are<br />two basic kinds — exTENded and exPANded. If you<br />have no expanded memory, you must configure your<br />extended memory as expanded memory. If you have<br />expanded memory but WCA still won’t acknowledge it,<br />most likely some other piece of software, such as a disk<br />cache or RAM disk, is using up all your expanded<br />memory. Check your CONFIG.SYS and<br />AUTOEXEC.BAT files for such programs, and consult<br />the documentation that came with those programs to<br />find out how to reduce their memory consumption.<br />Also consult Optimizing your System ( above).<br />Q: WCA threw me out to DOS. It said I had an “Out of<br />memory error”. When I tried to re-start, it did it again.<br />or<br />Q: My copy of WCA is defective. Every time I play, it<br />throws me to DOS with a Memory Allocation Error.<br />TR O U B L E S H O O T I N G<br />3
A: Both are trying to play with less than 586K<br />(601,000 bytes) free. If the game does this, use the<br />DOS command CHKDSK and read the last line of<br />output. It should say “XXXXXX bytes free.” This is the<br />amount of free RAM available. If this number is less<br />than 601,000 bytes, modify your AUTOEXEC. BAT<br />and CONFIG.SYS files.<br />You may want to use a system boot disk instead of<br />modifying the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files<br />on your hard drive. Please refer to Optimizing your<br />System (above) for instructions on making a system<br />boot disk for the WCA game.<br />Q: The game still doesn’t work aft er I modified my<br />AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files.<br />A: Copy down the information the computer provided<br />when it dumped you to DOS, then see O R I G I N<br />Customer Service ( below).<br />Q: My game runs slowly and occasionally locks up.<br />A: You may be loading other software that is not<br />compatible with WCA. First, try running your game<br />from a system boot disk. Refer to Optimizing your<br />System (above) to create a boot disk. The WCA game<br />is only compatible with Microsoft DOS versions 5.0 or<br />higher. This software is not compatible with 286 PCs.<br />Please use a 386 or 486 PC.<br />Q: Why does my computer crash when I try to play WCA<br />while I am logged into our LAN (local area network)?<br />A: LAN software often tries to take over the same<br />system resources that WCA uses. Sometimes the two<br />can coexist, but often they can’t. If you have strange<br />problems with WCA while your LAN drivers are<br />loaded, try booting from a clean boot disk that does<br />not load your LAN drivers. Please refer to Optimizing<br />your System ( above).<br />Q: Why does my computer crash when I try to play WCA<br />through Microsoft Windows (or OS/2, Desqview or DOS<br />5.0 Task Swapper)?<br />A: “Multi-tasking environments” — Windows, Desqview,<br />Software Carousel, DOS 5.0 Task Swapper, and so forth<br />— often conflict in their use of memory and other<br />system resources with Wing Commander Academy. We<br />do not recommend playing WCA under these<br />circumstances. Even if you do run the game under a<br />multi-tasker, do not swap to another application while<br />playing. Your system will crash if you try to suspend<br />WCA to run another program. In gene ral, we<br />recommend that you log out of Windows (or similar<br />applications) and play from the DOS prompt.<br />Q: I have a 100% compatible sound card, but I’m not<br />getting any sound. Why not?<br />A: Your sound card may have to be put into “SB”<br />(Sound Blaster) emulation through its software or a<br />switch setting on the card. Consult your sound card<br />manual or its manufacturer.<br />4
Select ENTER Selects feature currently under cursor<br />Next TAB Moves to next command button<br />Clear C Clears action sphere<br />Ship P Selects ship<br />Wingman W Selects wingman<br />Load L Loads game<br />Save S Saves mission<br />Execute X Runs mission<br />Escape ESC Returns to simulator room<br />TO FIRE<br />Gun/ Tractor G Cycles through guns (or tractor beam)<br />Weapon W Cycles through weapon systems<br />Targeting Comp. T Selects targeting computer/changes target<br />Lock Target L Locks targeting computer<br />(or activates ITTS, if available)<br />Chaff ALT- ENTER Fires chaff pods<br />TO FLY<br />Afterburners TAB Fires afterburners for as long as<br />key is pressed<br />Stop BACKSPACE Brings ship to immediate stop<br />Autopilot A Engages autopilot<br />Damage D Displays ship’s damage screens<br />Communications C Selects communications panel<br />(or clears incoming communication)<br />Video V Enables or suppresses comm video<br />Spaceflight Commands<br />Console Commands<br />REFERENCE CARD<br />®
™<br />Between Missions.<br />Use ¯, ­, ¬ and ®<br />(or the numeric keypad)<br />to move the arrow pointer.<br />When the pointer’s shape<br />changes into a cross, press<br />ENTER to select functions.<br />In Space.<br />Both the numeric keypad<br />(with NUM LOCK off)<br />and arrow keys are active<br />for controlling flight.<br />Using a Key b o a rd<br />Left Climb Right<br />Dive<br />Fire Select ed Gun<br />spacebar<br />Fire<br />Afterb ur ner<br />tab<br />Increase<br />Speed<br />Decrease<br />Speed<br />– +<br />Decr ease<br />Sp eed Quickly<br />back space<br />Dive<br />Left<br />Climb<br />Right<br />Increase<br />speed<br />Fire<br />Aft erburner<br />Decrease<br />Speed<br />Fire<br />Selected<br />Missile<br />Roll Left Roll<br />Right<br />7 8 9<br />4 5 6<br />1 2 3<br />0 ins . del<br />+
enter<br />*
–<br />For sharp turns,<br />climbs and dives,<br />press SHIFT<br />simultaneously<br />For sharp turns, climbs and dives,<br />press SHIFT simultaneously<br />Hold for<br />longer burn<br />Hold for<br />longer burn<br />NUMERIC KEYPAD<br />OTHER KEYS<br />SIMULATOR OPTIONS<br />Message Duration M Changes message duration<br />Music CTRL- M Toggles music on / off<br />Sound CTRL- S Toggles sound effects on / off<br />Score S Displays score (in gauntlet mode)<br />on right VDU<br />Pause P Pauses game<br />Slower ALT-+ Slows speed of game<br />Faster ALT-– Increases speed of game<br />Exit ALT-X Exits to DOS<br />Eject CTRL- E Ejects from ship and returns to<br />simulator room<br />CAMERA VIEWS<br />Front F1 Front view<br />Left F2 Left view /<br />go to left turret if available<br />Right F3 Right view /<br />go to right turret if available<br />Rear F4 Rear view /<br />go to rear turret if available<br />Chase F5 Chase plane view<br />Battle F6 Battle view<br />Tactical F7 Tactical view<br />Missiles F8 Missile camera view<br />Tailing F9 Tailing view; cycles through ships<br />MESSAGES<br />“Attack my target.” ALT- A<br />“ Break and attack.” ALT- B<br />Request wingman damage report. ALT- D<br />“ Keep formation.” ALT- F<br />“ Form on my wing.” ALT- F<br />“ Help me out here.” ALT- H<br />Random taunt to targeted enemy. ALT- T<br />Between Missions.<br />Move the joystick to<br />maneuver the arrowshaped<br />pointer around<br />the on-screen picture.<br />When the pointer’s<br />shape changes into a<br />cross, press button #1<br />to select functions.<br />In Space. The diagrams<br />on the right show the<br />movements of the joystick<br />and the use of<br />the joystick buttons for<br />basic flight control.<br />Between Missions.<br />Move the mouse to<br />maneuver the arrowshaped<br />pointer around<br />the on-screen picture.<br />When the pointer’s<br />shape changes into a<br />cross, press the left<br />mouse button to select<br />game functions.<br />In Space. When you<br />move the mouse, a<br />white, circular pointer<br />appears in the viewscreen.<br />Your ship homes<br />in on the pointer.<br />Maneuver by moving<br />the mouse until the<br />pointer is where you<br />want to go. You travel<br />in that direction until<br />you move the mouse to<br />a new position.<br />Using a Mo u s e<br />Using a Joy s t i c k<br />JOYSTICK<br />AND<br />BUTTON #2<br />MOUSE<br />ONLY<br />MOUSE<br />AND<br />RIGHT<br />BUTTON<br />JOYSTICK<br />ONLY<br />Turn Left Turn Right<br />Roll Left Roll Right<br />Dive<br />Climb<br />Turn Left Turn Right<br />Dive<br />Climb<br />Afterburners Increase Speed<br />(double-click and hold<br />button #2)<br />Afterburners<br />(double-click and hold<br />right button)<br />Straighten Out<br />(put white pointer inside<br />green sights on viewscreen)<br />Fire Selected Gun<br />(press button #1)<br />Fire Selected Gun<br />(press left button)<br />Fire Selected Missile<br />(press both buttons at once)<br />Fire Selected Missile<br />(press both buttons at once)<br />Decrease Speed<br />Roll Left Roll Right<br />Increase Speed<br />Decrease Speed<br />NOTE<br />This manual and the software described in it are copyrighted,<br />with all rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual or<br />the software may not be copied, in whole or part, without written<br />consent of Electronic Arts, except in the normal use of the software<br />or to make a backup copy of the software. The same proprietary<br />and copyright notices must be affixed to any permitted<br />copies as were affixed to the original. This exception does not<br />allow copies to be made for others, whether or not sold, but all<br />of the material purchased (with all backup copies) may be sold,<br />given, or loaned to another person. Under the law, copying<br />includes translating into another language or format.<br />You may use the software on any computer owned by you, but<br />extra copies cannot be made for this purpose.

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